So I’m really not at the point where I can post about a language I am learning in Esperanto. I would just confuse myself a lot. This post isn’t mean to teach anyone anything, but rather to help myself try to follow the online Sona text. Please note that not all of these words are my own and much of this is copied and pasted from here:
Six vowels a, e, i, o, u, y.
Six aspirates c, j, x, f, v, h.
Six consonants (i) g, d, z, m, b, l.
Six consonants (ii) k, t, s, n, p, r.
These are ‘named’ by adding the vowel y (which does not occur in any radical form) in the case of the vowels as ya, ye, yi, yo, yu, y: in the case of the remaining letters as cy, gy, ky, etc.
a, e, i, o, u as in Italian (e is pronounced as a mix between the Esperanto “e” and “ej,” though closer to the latter)
y seems to be pronounced kind of like the schwa (English “uh”)
c is ch (Esperanto “ĉ”)
x is sh (Esperanto “ŝ”)
j seems to be either as in English “jump” or “pleasure” (Esperanto “ĝ” or “ĵ”)…I’m not sure why he has both written that way
He actually advocates against changing the spelling of foreign words to fit Sona’s alphabet. All foreign words are capitalized anyway. But I dunno, I feel like I need a Sona name. So my nickname “Rejsi” shall be “Resi.” Not too different. (My “full name” Rejĉel” shall be “Recyl,” but I don’t see myself using that.)
||I, me, my.
||we, us, our.
||he, him, his.
||they, their, (masc.).
||they, their, (fem.).
||they, their, (neut.).
||they, their, (general.).
||one, ones, self, own.
There is no distinctive POSSESSIVE form, but the pronoun may, as in A., Pr., be suffixed to the noun possessed, e.g. mi kadi or kadimi my head,kadieti their heads. Myself, yourself, etc. take the forms:– simi, situ ; simikadi or kadisimi my own head. Mine, yours, etc. take the forms mina, tuna ; plurals as:– tina theirs, anyena theirs (fem.), miena ours. Note:– un sina that is his, un on that is he, en ti it is they.
Pronouns precede, or are prefixed to, and follow, or are suffixed to, a verb according as they are subjective or objective; e.g. mi sa ti or misati I know them; tu sa an or tusayan you know her. As in I. direct and indirect object pronouns follow, or are suffixed to, the verb in this order; e.g. xo en mi or xoyenmi show it to me, ka mi on or kamion lead me to him; but to avoid an ugly sound li ‘to’ may precede indirect on, an, en ; e.g. xo inye li on show these to him.
The above means that the word order is SVO, specifically it is subject-verb-direct object-indirect object. Word order is fixed. li can be inserted before the indirect objects on, an, en, to avoid weird sounds.
Personal pronouns are omitted when the meaning is clear. ke dai (what doing) can clearly be understood as “what are you doing?”
ci = relative pronoun (person, thing, place, manner, kind, time, quantity)
ra ci = the man who; ri ci = the time which, u ci = the manner which (how, kiel)
as a prefix, ci– = “some-” (Esperanto i-)
ciu = somehow (Esperanto iel)
en = definite article (note this is the same as the word “it”); only used for emphasis, not as much as in English
there is no indefinite article
in = this, the latter
un = that, the former
o = honorific; used in front of names to show politeness
enna = one
he = any
cien = a certain (like Esperanto tiu?)
PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES
The value of a radical is automatically modified according to its relative position in a word. As a pf. it is the stronger element; as a sf. the weaker.
Some radicals again develop an arbitrary value when used either as a pf. or sf.; ka ‘lead’ as a pf. forms the causal verb, or in the adjective form kayo = chief, principle; as sf. it distinguishes a t.v.